Like many professions, the field of roofing has its own lingo. Home owners needing a new roof usually fi nd themselves in this situation due to an unfavorable circumstance like a leaky or a damaged roof after a storm. The need for attention to this type of circumstance is usually urgent. In other cases, homeowners have the opportunity to research and shop around to find the perfect roof for their new or existing home.

Having a fundamental understanding of basic roofing terminology, systems and the standard for installation practice can empower the homeowner with the ability to be certain in their product and contractor choice.


Roofing terminology that every homeowner should know:

1. A Square. Roofers typically don’t measure using “square feet” instead when discussing the size of your project they will typically refer to it as, such and such squares. A square is the basic unit of measurement for most roofing contractors and it is the equivalent of a 10-foot by 10-foot area.


2. Drip Edge. An L-shaped strip (usually metal) installed along roof edges to allow the water to run off to drip clear of the deck, eaves and siding.

3. Fascia. This is the fl at board that runs horizontally around your home made of wood. If you have gutters installed this is the board the gutters are attached to or run along beside. When re-roofing your home, wood rot may be found in these areas.

4. Flashing. A corrosion resistant metal designed to terminate roofing at walls, chimneys or penetrations through the roof.

5. Ridge. The top or peak of a roof.

6. Sheathing. The boards or sheet materials that are fastened to rafters to cover a house or building.

7. Underlayment. Primarily used to separate the roof covering from the roof deck, shed water and provide secondary weather protection for the roof area of the building.

8. Valley. Junction where two roof plains meet where the water flows down the roof to the gutter.

With a better understanding of the components of a roofing system you can identify problem areas and better communicate about your needs and your wants regarding your new roofing system. Surface Shield Roofing prides itself in the ability to offer an array of full roofing systems from tile, metal to shingle and TPO.

Surface Shield’s estimators provide homeowners with the roofing system that best suits their aesthetic desires and functionality needs. Call 739-9599 today for your free estimate .

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